Field pennycress (Thlaspi arvense) is a winter anniversary oilseed crop that is actuality calm to fit into Minnesota’s banknote agriculture system. Research at the University of Minnesota envisions pennycress as a crop that can accommodate all the ecosystem casework of a awning crop, such as abbreviation abrasion and nitrogen loss, while additionally actuality harvestable for profit.
The UMN pennycress ancestry affairs began in 2013 with goals to advance aerial yielding, non-shattering, winter able varieties. These varieties appearance abeyant for applicable into our agriculture systems, and a contempo UMN abstraction advised the role pennycress could comedy in affiliation with a decidedly accepted crop in Minnesota: candied corn.
Sweet blah and pennycress should assignment able-bodied calm for several reasons. First off, the timing curve up. Candied blah is about harvested in August, abundant beforehand than atom corn, and pennycress seeds are buried in backward August-early September. The seeds germinate and advance into a bond in the fall. It over winters in this bond stage, flowers and develops seeds in backward April-early May, and is accessible to autumn in aboriginal June. Additionally, to accommodated affection standards, candied blah requires aerial nitrogen fertilization. It is additionally harvested as a beginning vegetable rather than a grain, acceptation there is a ample abundance of nitrogen in the balance that is larboard on the acreage afterwards harvest. As a result, candied blah systems are decidedly affected to nitrogen loss. Burying a awning crop afterwards candied blah can advice accumulate this nitrogen in the acreage and out of waterways.
UMN advisers capital to abode three capital questions about pennycress in a candied blah system: Can pennycress cloister nitrogen afterwards candied corn? Does the bulk of fertilizer activated to candied blah affect pennycress yields? Will pennycress burying adjustment appulse pennycress crop or the adeptness of pennycress to cloister nitrogen?
In this study, the advisers buried candied blah in June with fertilizer activated pre-plant as urea, again harvested in August and chopped candied blah stalks which were again larboard in the field. Pennycress was buried anon into the candied blah stover in September application two agriculture methods – advertisement and accomplished – and again harvested at ability the afterward June. They additionally calm clay samples and pennycress biomass samples to account cloistral nitrogen.
Pennycress cloistral about 17 pounds/acre of nitrogen afterward candied blah and bargain balance clay nitrogen by 27-42% back compared to dormant analysis plots. This award was accurate behindhand of pennycress burying adjustment or the nitrogen amount activated to candied corn. This shows that pennycress can auspiciously accommodate ecosystem casework agnate to acceptable awning crops.
Pennycress atom yields were not afflicted by the nitrogen amount activated to candied corn, demonstrating that pennycress can cruise abundant nitrogen (left by the antecedent candied blah crop) to aftermath an able stand. Burying methods did not affect pennycress yields, advertence that simple, cost-effective advertisement burying can be active after abbreviation yields.
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Claire LaCanne is the agronomical addendum drillmaster for Steele and Rice counties. Reach her at [email protected]
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